The nation's Hispanic population reached 41.3 million as of July 1, 2004, according to national estimates by race, Hispanic origin and age released by the U.S. Census Bureau. Hispanics, who may be of any race, accounted for about one-half of the national population growth of 2.9 million between July 1, 2003, and July 1, 2004. The Hispanic growth rate of 3.6% over the 12-month period was more than three times that of the total population (1.0%).
The Census Bureau estimates the number of Asians in the United States at 14.0 million, up 3.4%. (Unless otherwise specified, the data refer to the population who reported a race alone or in combination with one or more other races. The tables show data for both this group and those who reported a single race only.)
Following Asians in rate of growth were native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders (1.7%, to 980,000), blacks (1.3%, to 39.2 million), American Indians and Alaska natives (1.0%, to 4.4 million) and whites (0.8%, to 239.9 million). The population of non-Hispanic whites who indicated no other race increased 0.3%, to 197.8 million.
The total number of preschoolers (under age 5) in the United States in 2004 was estimated at 20.1 million. Nationally, 7% of the population was under age 5. By race and Hispanic origin, this proportion ranged from almost 11% for Hispanics to 6% for single-race non-Hispanic whites and for American Indians and Alaska natives.
Meanwhile, the number of elementary school-age (5 through 13) children in the nation totaled 36.4 million. Nationwide, 12% were in this age group, with the corresponding proportion ranging from 17% for native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders and Hispanics to 11% for single-race non-Hispanic whites.
There were 16.8 million high school-age (14 through 17) children. Children in this age group comprised 6% of the total population. The proportion of people in this age group ranged from almost 8% of American Indians and Alaska natives and native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders to 5% of single-race non-Hispanic whites.
Working-age adults (18- to 64-year-olds) totaled 184.0 million. Nationally,
63% were in this age range. The proportion who were members of this age group ranged from 66% for Asians to 61% for blacks and Hispanics.
There were 36.3 million people age 65 and over. Nationally, 12% of the total population was 65 years and over, with the corresponding proportion ranging from 15% for single-race non-Hispanic whites to 5 percent for Hispanics.
A total of 4.9 million people were in the "oldest old" category (age 85+). Almost 2% of the total population was a member of this age group, ranging from slightly more than 2% of non-Hispanic whites reporting only one race to about one-half of 1% of Hispanics.